Padrões de Pintura Conversões para CMYK

Abreviaturas

Abbreviation Expansion Application
ANA U.S. Army-Navy Aircraft specification Peacetime colors after 1939. QM and Navy specifications used for stocked camouflage colors until after 1942.
BS British Standard 381c (1945) RAF/FAA colors after 1945.
FS U.S. Federal Standard 595a (rpt. 1974) Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine, and Coast Guard colors, 1960s?-
M USN specification Pre-1942
MH Methuen Handbook of Color A hard-to-find, widely mentioned, commercial reference, published in the UK.
QM U.S. Army Quartermaster Corp Specification 3-1 USAAC/USAAF colors, 1919-1943)
~ approximates When used with a color specification (i.e. ~FS30279)
/ or When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279/30282)
? possibly When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279?)
indicates a range of values (i.e. FS30279-30282) When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279/30282)
+/ darker, lighter When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279+, darker than FS30279)
+B/ B more/less blue When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279+B)
+G/ G more/less green When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279 G)
+R/ R more/less red When used with a color specification (i.e. FS30279+R)
before/after When used with dates
n/a not applicable When used with a color specification
C cyan In process-color (CMYK) color models
M magenta In process-color (CMYK) color models
Y yellow In process-color (CMYK) color models
K black In process-color (CMYK) color models


United Kingdom

Color Country MH FS BS C M Y K Circa Notas de Uso
PC10 UK __ 10118 __ 58 68 92 14 1916-19 superfície superior, cimas temperados
PC12 UK __ 10117 __ 0 21 35 58 1916-19 superfície superior, climas tropicais
NIVO UK 19-24E/F2, 27F3 34159, 36152, 36165 __ 0-4 0 4 69 1917-37 aviação de combate noturno, todas as superfícies
aircraft grey-green UK 27D3 __ 283 38 35 44 5 after 1940 interior de cockpits
dark earth UK 5E/F4 30118 450 60 72 82 0 1937-60s superfície superior
dark green UK 30F/G2 34079 641 13 8 20 68 1937-60s superfície superior
sky UK 25A2 34504- 210 11 5 13 2 1940-60s superficie inferior
light earth UK 5C4-6 30257 __ 0 20 41 28 1939-41 areas sombreadas, superfícies superiores (biplanos)
light green UK 26-27D/E4 34172 __ 15 8 20 43 1939-41 areas sombreadas, superfícies superiores (biplanos)
deep sky UK 21E6 35177? __ 26 13 0 45 1940-45 Altas altitudes caças e bombardeiros
middle stone UK 4D7? 30266 __ 0 15 46 40 1940-60s deserto superfície superior, with dk. earth
azure UK 20A3? 35231 __ 12 10 0 11 1940-60s deserto superficie inferior
PRU blue UK 23E4? 35189 636 9 3 0 37 1941-60? reconhecimento(WW2); aviação tática, lado de baixo(1950s)
PRU mauve UK 18E4? 27144 r? __ 66 63 36 2 1943-45 reconhecimento de baixo nível, lado debaixo
Mediterranean blue, dark UK 21E/F6 25053? __ 23 10 0 58 1942 reconhecimento de baixo nível, Teatro Mediterrâneo
Camotint pink UK 14/15A2 31668? __ 0 15 14 1 1939-45 reconhecimento de baixo nível
ocean grey UK 23E3 36152/36187 __ 2 0 0 59 after 1941 caça superfície superior
sea grey, dark UK 21E3 36173 638 4 1 0 59 after 1939 fighter/strike superfície superior
sea grey, extra dark UK 21F3 36118 640 4 2 0 68 after 1939 marinha superfície superior
sea grey, medium UK 22D3 36270 637 4 0 0 44 after 1941 caça superficie inferior, caça-noturno surfaces
slate grey, light UK 26E3 34159 __ 47 43 50 10 1939-45 marinha superfície superior
slate grey, dark UK 26F1 34096 __ 47 50 50 20 1939-45 marinha superfície superior
sky grey UK M 36463 __ 0 0 0 28 1939-45 marinha superficie inferior
roundel blue UK 20E8 35056 110 81 63 47 9 1914-1937, after 1946 insignia
roundel red UK 10C6 31105 __ 30 80 77 0 1914-1937, after 1946 insignia
roundel yellow UK 4A8 33538 __ 0 43 100 0 1937-41 outlines of roundels, avião camuflado (on fuselage only, 1938-)
roundel blue, dull UK 20F5 35044 __ 10 7 0 67 1941-46 insignia
roundel red, dull UK 8D7 30109 __ 0 60 60 40 1941-46 insignia
roundel red, pale UK 10B4 __ __ 49 21 1 12 1950s-60s antiflash insignia, nuclear strike
roundel blue, pale UK 22A5 35488 __ 46 14 0 15 1950s-60s antiflash insignia, nuclear strike


United States

Color
Country
MH
FS
QM
M
ANA
C
M
Y
K
Circa
Usage notes
zinc-chromate
USA
1B8 / 4A8
33481?
n/a
n/a
n/a
0 – 2 99 27 – 65 43 – 47
after 1930
aluminum primer/sealer, non-cockpit areas
interior green
USA
29D7?
34258? / 34151 R
n/a
n/a
611
6 0 41 37
after 1941
Cockpit/cabin interiors.
“chrome” yellow
USA
4A8
13432
04
n/a
n/a
0 42 100 0
1924-43
USAAC flying surfaces and ID markings.
ID yellow
USA
3B8
33538
48
M
ANA
0 29 100 3
1920-45
USN flying surfaces to 1942. USAAF markings after 1943. USN trainers.
light blue
USA
MH
35109
23
n/a
22A5
36 11 0 19
1928-42
USAAC fuselages (trainers only <1934, all types after 1934)
olive drab
USA
1F7
30118
22
n/a
613
0 5 15 69
1920-39
Tactical aircraft, todas as superfícies
OD green
USA
30F6
34087
31 & 41
n/a
613
0 0 9 69
1939-53
Camouflaged superfície superior, antiglare panels
medium green
USA
28F6
34092
42
n/a
612
8 2 12 71
1939-45?
Breaking up outlines of olive-drab superfície superior.
neutral grey
USA
22E3
36173
32 & 43
n/a
603
5 2 0 58
1939-53
superficie inferior.
flight blue (synthetic haze)
USA
22C6
35190
n/a
n/a
n/a
42 21- 25 8 25
1943-44?
Photo-reconnaissance, sprayed over sky base blue
sky base blue (synthetic haze)
USA
21C8
15123+
n/a
n/a
n/a
46 20 0 40
1943-44?
Photo-reconnaissance, undercoat for flight blue
nonspecular blue-grey
USA
none
35189
n/a
485
ANA
18 6 1 50
1941-42
superfície superior, USN/USMC aircraft.
nonspecular light grey
USA
MH
36440
n/a
495
ANA
0 0 1 23
1940-42
USN/USMC aircraft, todas as superfícies 1940-41, superficie inferior 1941-42
semigloss sea blue
USA
19F8++
25042
n/a
n/a
606
22 22 0 78
1945-58
todas as superfícies, USN/USMC aircraft.
non-specular sea blue
USA
20F8
35045
n/a
n/a
607
15 9 0 71
1943-44
superfície superior, USN/USMC/USCG aircraft.
intermediate blue
USA
21D4
35164
n/a
n/a
608
18 8 0 44
1943-44
Vertical surfaces, USN/USMC/USCG aircraft.
gull grey, dark
USA
22C2
36231
n/a
n/a
621
5 2 0 32
1942-
superfície superior, Atlantic ASW aircraft, USAAF/USN.
insignia white
USA
MH
37880 / 37886
46
n/a
601
0 1 3 0
1942-85
Insignia. superficie inferior, USAAF Atlantic ASW aircraft and USN.
gull grey, light
USA
22B2
36440
n/a
n/a
620
6 2 2 20
after 1956-85
superfície superior, USN (with insignia white).
emerald green
USA
27F8
14109?
n/a
n/a
n/a
100 61 66 0
1962-66
COIN avião, superfície superior (high gloss)
dark green
USA
27F8
34079
n/a
n/a
n/a
5 0 10 70
1968-78
USAF Sudeste da Asia (SEA) esquema
olive-drab green
USA
27E8?
34102
n/a
n/a
n/a
0 1 20 56
1968-78
USAF SEA esquema
tan
USA
6C4
30219
n/a
n/a
n/a
0 19 31 33
1968-78
USAF SEA esquema
TAC grey
USA
1B1
36622
n/a
n/a
n/a
0 5 9 13
1968-78
USAF SEA esquema, undersides
engine grey
USA
20F2
16081
QM
M
ANA
6 1 0 75
1940-78?
USN helicópteros, drone controle
flag blue
USA
MH
15044
24
M
n/a
25 22 0 70
1919-39
USAAC/USN insignia
flag red
USA
12C7
11105
15
M
n/a
23 100 65 13
1919-39
USAAC/USN insignia
insignia blue
USA
19F8++
25042
n/a
n/a
605
22 22 0 78
1939-43
USAAF/USN insignia.
insignia red
USA
10C/D8
31136
45
M
618
0 100 50 34
1939-43
USAAF/USN insignia


Germany

Color
Country
MH
FS
RLM
RAL
C
M
Y
K
Circa
Usage notes
grey Germany 27D/E2 24159–/24226- 02 36 23 39 0 1930s-45 primer, cockpits (before 1942-43), wheel wells; overall on training, utility, and marine types
yellow Germany 4A/B8; 4B8 23538 04 1 53 95 0 1930s-45 tactical/unit/ fuel-grade markings, theater markings (Balkans and Eastern Front), marine trainers
cream Germany 3A/B2 23618/23722 05 4 8 26 0 pre-1939 overall, gliders/sailplanes
white Germany 27780 21 1 1 4 0 1930s-45 markings
black Germany 27038 22 0 0 0 98 1930s-45 markings, night camouflage (fighters: overall before 1942, undersurfaces only, 1944-45; bombers: undersurfaces)
red Germany 9A/B8 21302 23 10 99 96 0 1930s-45 tactical/unit markings, pre-1939 national markings
dark blue Germany 21F5/6; 21E/F7 25053 (25109) 24 89 66 51 14 pre-1939 tactical/unit markings, prototype airframes pre-1939
light green Germany 25D7/8 24223 25 75 27 70 0 1930s-45? tactical/unit markings
brown Germany 7/8E/F8 20091/20109 26 69 100 90 0 1930s-45? miscellaneous
yellow Germany 5B/C7 23481/23434+Y 27 2 36 93 0 1930s-45 theater markings
wine-red Germany 11D7/8 20109? 28 54 100 80 0 1930s-45 walkways, trim tabs
medium grey Germany 24D2 36463 (36440) 41 38 26 33 0 1930s-42 interiors, instrument panels, primer
dark brown Germany 6F4/5 20045/20099 61 71 80 82 35 1930s-38 camouflage, upper-surface splinter with 62 and 63
green Germany 27E/F3 34128 (greyer) 62 55 41 56 2 pre-1939 camouflage, upper-surface splinter with 61 and 63
light green-grey Germany 1/2B/C2 26400/26559 63 12 10 17 0 pre-1939 camouflage, upper-surface splinter with 61 and 63 or overall on fighters
light blue Germany ~21/22A2 35526/35550 64 7 1 4 6 pre-1939 undersurface camouflage
light blue Germany 22A/B2? 25414/25622 65 11 1 7 12 1938-45 undersurface camouflage (with 70/71 superfície superior)
black-grey Germany 21F1/2 36081+ 66 67 55 53 50 1930-45 cockpits after 1942-3, armor plate
dark olive green Germany ~28F7 34127/34151 67 14 0 46 74 1939-42? tropical camouflage
light olive green Germany ~28E6 34258 68 14 0 58 52 1939-42? tropical camouflage
light tan Germany ~4A3 23594 69 3 20 48 1 1939-42? tropical camouflage
black-green Germany 28B2; 28G2 24052; 14056 70 90 61 75 69 1938-45 upper-surface camouflage with 71 (65/22 undersurfaces), propellor blades
dark green Germany 29/30F3 34079 71 87 64 91 49 1938-45 upper-surface camouflage with 70 (65/22 undersurfaces)
green Germany 25G3; 26F3 24056; 14050 72 77 54 81 62 1938-45 marinha camouflage, superfície superior with 73 (65 undersurfaces)
green Germany 25E/F3 24077; 14056- 73 87 64 91 59 1938-45 marinha camouflage, superfície superior with 72 (65 undersurfaces)
dark grey-green Germany 21E/F3; 26F2 36081 +G 74 66 44 67 64 1942-45 fighter camouflage, superfície superior with 75 (76 undersurfaces)
grey-violet Germany 23D2/3; 22F2 26118; 26152/26173 75 15 5 0 60 1942-45 fighter camouflage, superfície superior with 74 (day) or 76 (night) and 76 undersurfaces
light blue Germany ~24A2 25526 76 11 1 8 14 1942-45 fighter camouflage, undersurfaces (with 74/75 or 81/82 superfície superior), overall (high-altitude and night)
light grey Germany 30C1/2 26493 77 0 1 7 10 1942-45 lettering, toned-down national markings (with 22)
sky blue Germany 23B4 35352 78 12 6 9 17 1942-45 tropical camouflage, undersurfaces (with 79/80 superfície superior)
sand yellow Germany 4/5D6, 6/7C/D4 20219 (30252) 79 0 40 64 40 1942-45 tropical camouflage, superfície superior with or without 80 (78 undersurfaces)
olive green Germany 4F8, 29F6 34096+ 80 0 8 98 90 1942-45 tropical camouflage, superfície superior (with 79)
brown-violet Germany 6E4/5; 5F6/7 30099/30118 81 64 78 83 18 1944-45 fighter camouflage, superfície superior (with 82)
dark green Germany 27/28E8; 3/4F3? 30496*/34102 82 67 45 88 67 1944-45 fighter camouflage, superfície superior (with 81)
light green Germany ~26E/F 34128*/34138 83 82 55 87 24 1944-45 fighter camouflage with 81
yellow green Germany ~26D4 34227 99 44 23 64 14 1943?-45 primer, fasteners
yellow-olive Germany 34087(24064) 6014 0 2 5 80 1960s-present upper-surface camouflage
basalt-grey, powder-grey Germany 26152 7012 5 2 0 65 1960s-present upper-surface camouflage
silver-grey Germany 36375 7001 5 0 0 26 1960s-present superficie inferior of avião camuflado


France

Note: sources indicate that French colors might
have a number of values, depending on the degree of fading and the
batch the paint came from. This has been indicated in the color chips.

Color Country MH FS C M Y K Circa Usage notes
terre de sienne France 3F4 (fades to 22E8) 24087 (fades to 30118) 0 (0) 5 (9) 14 (23) 68 (52) 1918-35 a khaki-brown akin to PC10: all fabric surfaces
vert protective France 25/26E/F7 14108 13 0 5 67 1930-38 transparent: interiors, primer
vert tableau France 24/25F6 24058 11 0 1 75 1930-38 opaque: topcoat, todas as superfícies; exterior metal primer
gris bleu fonce France 21E3 (faded to 23E4) 26118 (faded to 36176) 15 (12) 8 (8) 0 (0) 53 (46) 1938-44 superfície superior, segmented camouflage
kaki France 4F4 (faded to 3F4) 24091 (faded to 24087) 0 (0) 5 (4) 15 (12) 78 (67) 1938-44 superfície superior, segmented camouflage
brun (chocolat) France 8F4-7F5 (faded to 6F5) 20099-20059 (faded to 20108) 0 (0) 7 (9) 10 (11) 82 (74) 1938-44 superfície superior, segmented camouflage
brun fonce France 6F5-6E8 20108-20117 0 22 28 66 1938-44 superfície superior, segmented camouflage
vert fonce France 30F/G2, 30F4 24079, 24096 0, 0 0, 2 2, 5 73, 73 1938-44 superfície superior, segmented camouflage
ombre calcin‚e France 5E/F4, 7E5 20118, 20111 0/0, 0 5/11, 18 9/23, 24 76/51, 58 1938-44 superfície superior, segmented camouflage
gris bleu clair France 24D3-23D3 25189-25237 11 7 0 34 1938-44 superficie inferior, cockpits
noir France 27056 0 0 0 90 1935-45 insignia, superficie inferior
bleu France 22E8 15090/25090 49 26 0 51 1935-45 insignia
blanc France 27780 0 2 1 0 1935-45 insignia
rouge France 11C8 21106 0 62 58 32 1935-45 insignia
jaunce France 4/5A8 23538 0/0 42/58 98/99 0/0 1938-44 markings


Italy

Color Country MH FS C M Y K Circa Usage notes
giallo mimetico 3 Italy 5C7 33434 0 14 42 24 1930s-1941 camouflage, superfície superior (in mottled and segmented esquemas)
grigio azzurro chiaro 1 Italy 28D2 36307 1 0 2 45 1938-1945? camouflage, undersides of flying surfaces
marrone mimetico 53193 Italy 7E5 30140 0 11 15 58 1930s-1941 camouflage, superfície superior (in mottled and segmented esquemas)
nocciola chiaro 4 Italy 6D4 30219 0 7 14 52 1941-1945? segmented camouflage, superfície superior
verde anticorrosione Italy 28D4 34558 8 0 10 18 1930s?-1945? interiors, primer
verde mimetico 2 Italy 27F4 34092 5 0 1 71 1930s-1941 camouflage, superfície superior (in mottled and segmented esquemas)
verde mimetico 3 Italy 29F8 34102 3 0 7 68 1930s-1941 camouflage, superfície superior (in mottled and segmented esquemas)
verde mimetico 53192 Italy 28D5 34227 11 0 11 48 1930s-1941 camouflage, superfície superior (in mottled and segmented esquemas)
verde oliva scuro 2 Italy 28F3 34052 1 0 2 76 1930s-1941 camouflage, superfície superior (overall and segmented esquemas)


Poland

Color Country MH FS Pol. Ref. C M Y K Circa Usage notes
khaki Poland 30108 0 7 9 71 1922?-1939 camouflage, superfície superior (overall and in segmented esquemas)
grey-blue Poland 35526 12 4 0 23 1939 camouflage, undersides of flying surfaces
ochre Poland 33245 0 9 30 30 1939 segmented camouflage, superfície superior
light olive Poland 34151 0 0 6 64 1939 segmented camouflage, superfície superior
dark olive Poland 34097 4 0 10 82 1939 segmented camouflage, superfície superior


Sweden

Color Country MH FS Swedish Ref. # C M Y K Circa Usage notes
dark green Sweden 30F/G2 34079/34086/34096 13 8 20 68 1940-60s all superfície superior (all types 1940-46, attack aircraft and transports to 1960s)
dark olive green Sweden 26F3 34086 325M 3 0 3 67 1960s-1990s superfície superior: segmented camouflage (fighters), splinter camouflage (attack aircraft, helicopters, transports)
blue-grey Sweden 23F2 26329 058M 12 7 0 33 1940s-1990s superficie inferior of green- and splinter-avião camuflado, superfície superior of grey-camouflaged fighters

Westland Wessex